In fact it's even older. In physics, natural units are physical units of measurement based only on universal physical constants. LNG Cryogenic Density: (calculated from PS/JMC GCAP -SRK EOS )  [5], Figure 4. Conversions may rely on other factors not accounted for or that have been estimated. Please choose one. Come visit us for you. Figure 5. To switch the unit simply find the one you want on the page and click it. next to it. Before using any of the provided tools or data you must check with a competent authority to validate its correctness. Content on this site produced by www.kylesconverter.com is available under a creative commons license unless otherwise stated. Energy value of a liquefied natural gas depends on the source of the gas and he process that is used to liquefy the gas. kilocalorie (kcal) calorie (cal) watt x time. You can also go to the universal conversion page. Any contractual commitment based on a global relationship of gas standard volume to LNG volume should be verified by actual in-plant analysis for proper management of the sale of equivalent LNG “Energy”. To switch the unit simply find the one you want on the page Clicking again will expand the block. If one requires a firm understanding of their specific LNG plant operations, more detailed calculations are required for accurate results. To learn more about LNG, we suggest attending our, 1. Figure 3 presents the values for a typical LNG cryogenic density (-160 °C / -260 °F) and atmospheric pressure [6]. (scc), cubic foot of atmosphere, standard cubic foot It should be noted that the Kenai, Alaska LNG facility was not operational during this period. The actual energy may vary up to 10%. The Henry HUB (Gulf Coast US) Natural Gas sales index has also fallen to some 2.37 $/MMBTU as of July 2019 [14]. 5.5513652248856 MMBtu Conversion base : 1 boe = 5.5513652248856 MMBtu . Historically the Japanese and Korean LNG supply contracts have been based on a “crude oil” cocktail pricing method – i.e., the price of LNG is indexed to the value of crude oil. To learn more about LNG, we suggest attending our G2 (Overview of Gas Processing),  G29 LNG (Short Course: Technology and the LNG Chain) and G4 LNG (Gas Conditioning and Processing-LNG Emphasis) courses. We provide conversion for a typical energy value. To conserve space on the page some units block may display collapsed. We launched the first version of our online units converter in 1995. 2009-2020, Million British Thermal Units to Litres-atmosphere, Litres-atmosphere to Million British Thermal Units, http://www.kylesconverter.com/energy,-work,-and-heat/million-british-thermal-units-to-litres--atmosphere, Million British Thermal Units to Dekatherms (EC), Million British Thermal Units to Dekatherms (UK), Million British Thermal Units to Dekatherms (US), Million British Thermal Units to Kilowatt-Hours, Million British Thermal Units to Cubic Feet of Natural Gas, Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License, 1 Million British Thermal Units to Litres-atmosphere = 10412591.6864, 70 Million British Thermal Units to Litres-atmosphere = 728881418.045, 2 Million British Thermal Units to Litres-atmosphere = 20825183.3727, 80 Million British Thermal Units to Litres-atmosphere = 833007334.908, 3 Million British Thermal Units to Litres-atmosphere = 31237775.0591, 90 Million British Thermal Units to Litres-atmosphere = 937133251.772, 4 Million British Thermal Units to Litres-atmosphere = 41650366.7454, 100 Million British Thermal Units to Litres-atmosphere = 1041259168.64, 5 Million British Thermal Units to Litres-atmosphere = 52062958.4318, 200 Million British Thermal Units to Litres-atmosphere = 2082518337.27, 6 Million British Thermal Units to Litres-atmosphere = 62475550.1181, 300 Million British Thermal Units to Litres-atmosphere = 3123777505.91, 7 Million British Thermal Units to Litres-atmosphere = 72888141.8045, 400 Million British Thermal Units to Litres-atmosphere = 4165036674.54, 8 Million British Thermal Units to Litres-atmosphere = 83300733.4908, 500 Million British Thermal Units to Litres-atmosphere = 5206295843.18, 9 Million British Thermal Units to Litres-atmosphere = 93713325.1772, 600 Million British Thermal Units to Litres-atmosphere = 6247555011.81, 10 Million British Thermal Units to Litres-atmosphere = 104125916.864, 800 Million British Thermal Units to Litres-atmosphere = 8330073349.08, 20 Million British Thermal Units to Litres-atmosphere = 208251833.727, 900 Million British Thermal Units to Litres-atmosphere = 9371332517.72, 30 Million British Thermal Units to Litres-atmosphere = 312377750.591, 1,000 Million British Thermal Units to Litres-atmosphere = 10412591686.4, 40 Million British Thermal Units to Litres-atmosphere = 416503667.454, 10,000 Million British Thermal Units to Litres-atmosphere = 104125916864, 50 Million British Thermal Units to Litres-atmosphere = 520629584.318, 100,000 Million British Thermal Units to Litres-atmosphere = 1.04125916864E+12, 60 Million British Thermal Units to Litres-atmosphere = 624755501.181, 1,000,000 Million British Thermal Units to Litres-atmosphere = 1.04125916864E+13. You can hide the blocks you don't need by clicking on the block headline. 2: Enter the value you want to convert (normal cubic meter of natural gas). She has served as the technical lead on several significant projects in the industry for clients such as BP, ExxonMobil, ConocoPhillips, Occidental, QatarGas, and XTO. A brief review of these common conversions and their consequences will be discussed. Sign up to receive the Tip of the Month directly to your inbox! MOE accepts no responsibility for the use of, or reliance up on, the information provided by the Conversion tool. This could be in the units of std m3 natural gas / m3 or conversely, scf natural gas to ft3 LNG. To learn how we use any data we collect about you see our privacy policy. The average closing prices for crude oil in 2018 was $65/bbl [8]. The August 2019 Tip of The Month, “A Primer on LNG - What is it, Where does it fit, and The New Kid on the Block “[1] provided a high level summary of the history of LNG, from the maiden voyage of the Methane Pioneer, to the current world trade statistics for 2017 [2]. Sorry, we don't know this substance. Contact | The term was shown to evolve from first converting the natural gas in std m3/tonne (scf/tonne) as a function of the molecular weight of the gas, and then converting the mass to liquid applying the LNG cryogenic density. She has a master's and bachelor's degree in Chemical Engineering and Petroleum Refining from the Colorado School of Mines, and over 20 years of experience in the oil and gas industry. Switch units Starting unit. Conversions were presented graphically, and the final gas to liquid LNG ratios were shown to vary discreetly between some 15 – 20 % below and above the 600 value. Figure 2. Natural gas; 67,000 cubic feet (your home) x; 1,037 Btu per cubic foot = 69,479,000 Btu; Heating oil; 500 gallons (neighbor's home) x; 137,381 Btu per gallon = 68,690,476 Btu ; Result: You used more energy to heat your home. Higher heating value includes the energy of water vaporization. Our goal is to make units conversion as easy as possible. 1. and enjoyed Convert-me.Com. Global LNG Market Prices: Through June, 2019 [14]. ► A discussion summarizing parity of energy calculations for LNG to crude oil values was provided. The location of these facilities are shown in Figure 1 [5]. Natural Gas Standard Condition Volume to LNG Volume, The Impact of Conversion Procedures for Natural Gas Standard Volumes to LNG Volumes, As can be observed, there is a difference based on the actual natural gas to LNG “Standard Volume to LNG Volume” based on the gas and LNG physical properties. and click it. Please pick one from the list. Please share if you found this tool useful: (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); A reasonable effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of the information presented on this web site. By: Kindra Snow-McGregor & Dr. Frank E. Ashford. In reality, this conversion ratio is a function of two important variables: 1) Natural Gas Molecular weight (MW) in kg/kmol [lbm/lbmol], 2) Cryogenic LNG density at – 160 ºC (-260 ºF) and 101 kPa (14.7 psia) in kg/m3 [lbm/ft3]. GPSA Engineering Data Book : 14th Edition – 2017, 8. https://www.eia.gov/todayinenergy/detail.php?id=37852, 9. https://www.csis.org/blogs/energy-headlines-versus-trendlines/oil-still-drives-asian-lng-prices, 10. https://ycharts.com/indicators/japan_liquefied_natural_gas_import_price, 11. Mrs. Snow-McGregor has been active in the gas processing / midstream industry for many years, and is on the Board of Directors for the GPSA. Let’s review the calculations in detail to understand how the gas MW in kg/kmol [lbm/lbmol] and LNG liquid density change the calculated volume ratio for an operating LNG facility. The 2018 Exports from the USA totaled 28.4 BCM/yr (1 tcf/yr) corresponding to 21 mtpa  The US was the world’s 6th largest LNG exporter during 2017, and rose to number four, following Qatar, Australia, and Malaysia during 2018. Please attribute www.kylesconverter.com when using the work, thank you! The service was slow. This could be in the units of std m, The LNG cryogenic liquid density is then equivalent to 453 kg/m, For these types of conversions to be accurate, the cryogenic LNG density must be known. ► A numerical analysis was presented to show that the actual Natural Gas to LNG std m3/m3 (scf/ft3) is not a universal constant generally accepted as 600. Disclaimer: The MOE Conversion tool should be used as a guide only as it has been configured to provide approximate conversions. GCAP (Gas Conditioning and Processing) Computer Program – Version 9.3.2, PS/JMC – 2019, 7. Assume the LNG relative density has been determined as 0.453. The base conversions are shown below: As an example, consider a natural gas (LNG) stream with MW = 17.4 kg/kmol (lb/lbmol). A typical LNG MEMBRANE type carrier will accommodate some 170,000 m3, or approximately 21 % additional cargo and value. The JKM reflects pricing for “spot” trades, and as can be seen in the figure, is significantly more volatile than the long-term contract pricing. Try it. Tap any unit block header to expand/collapse it. For 2018, assuming an average value of $10/MMBTU, the value of LNG per tonne is calculated as follows: What Is the Cargo Value of a Typical LNG Carrier?? You have not choosen the substance. As such, with the U.S. entering the international LNG trade, new contract structures and business models are coming about, some of which are indexed to the Henry HUB pricing rather than the price of crude oil. Кликните, чтобы переключиться на русский. Figure 6 [11] shows multiple deliveries of LNG throughout the world within 73% of the value of crude oil during the majority of this timeframe. Joule family. Natural gas and LNG are generally traded in terms of $/MMBtu or $/TJ. Asian Import Prices for LNG 2013 – 2019 [9], Figure 6. If a typical LNG MOSS type carrier is assumed to be loaded at port for export with some 65,000 tons, or approximately 140,000 m3 capacity the average 2018 value on board was: The above analysis implies the MOSS LNG carrier is transporting roughly 88.4 million std m3 (3.1 Bcf), or approximately 3.1 trillion BTUs. BP recently published the international LNG trade statistics for 2018 in their Statistical Review of World Energy 2019.

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